Ecology of Semicossyphus pulcher
Main Ref. Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Semicossyphus pulcher may be found.
Remarks Prefers rocky bottom, particularly in kelp beds. Often feeds on hard-shelled organisms such as sea urchins, mollusks, lobsters and crabs. Spawning occurs during the summer and the eggs are pelagic (Ref. 9311). Lives to more than 50 years of age. Each individual functions first as a female but changes to a male at a length of about 30 cm.


Substrate Hard Bottom;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Beds: sea grass; Coral Reefs;
Special habitats Ref.


Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
From individual food items 3.56 0.43 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 10.31.00
Modified by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 11.26.00
Checked by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 11.26.00
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