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Semicossyphus pulcher  (Ayres, 1854)

California sheephead
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Image of Semicossyphus pulcher (California sheephead)
Semicossyphus pulcher
Female picture by Gotshall, D.W.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses)
Etymology: Semicossyphus: Greek, semi = half + Greek, kossyphos, -ou = a kind of fish (Ref. 45335).

Lingkungan / Klimat / Range Ekologi

; laut berasosiasi dengan karang; kisaran kedalaman 0 - 55 m (Ref. 9311), usually 3 - 30 m (Ref. 9311).   Subtropical; 37°N - 22°N, 123°W - 106°W

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Monterey Bay in California, USA to Guadalupe Island (off northern central Baja California) and Gulf of California.

Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 91.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 2850); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 16.0 kg (Ref. 2850); Umur maksimum dilaporkan: 53 Tahun (Ref. 56049)

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Prefer rocky bottom, particularly in kelp beds. Often feed on hard-shelled organisms such as sea urchins, mollusks, lobsters and crabs. Spawning occur during the summer and the eggs are pelagic (Ref. 9311). Live to more than 50 years of age. Each individual functions first as a female but changes to a male at a length of about 30 cm. Pelagic spawners (Ref. 56049). Flesh is white, of good quality and marketed fresh (Ref. 9311). The large teeth can cause serious bite wounds.

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

A diandric species (Ref. 55367). Transforms to a male at length of about 30.1 cm TL and 7.9 years of age (Ref. 55367). Forms leks during breeding (Ref. 55367). Pelagic spawner (Ref. 56049).

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator : Westneat, Mark | mitra

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 13513)




penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: komersial; Ikan buruan: ya; Akuarium: Komersial
FAO(Perikanan: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

informasi lanjut

Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
metabolisme
Pemangsa
Ekotoksikologi
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Kematangan
Pemijahan
Fecundity
telur-telur
pekembangan telor
Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

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Sumber internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 16.6 - 22.9, mean 21.2 (based on 30 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.43 se; Based on food items.
Daya lenting (Ref. 69278):  sangat rendah, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum lebih dari 14 tahun (tmax=53; tm=5; Fec=300,000).
Prior r = 0.29, 2 SD range = 0.11 - 0.79, log(r) = -1.24, SD log(r) = 0.5, Based on: 2 tgen, 1 tmax, 1 Fec records
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (55 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   Very high.