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Semicossyphus pulcher  (Ayres, 1854)

California sheephead
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Semicossyphus pulcher
Female picture by Gotshall, D.W.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses)
Etymology: Semicossyphus: Greek, semi = half + Greek, kossyphos, -ou = a kind of fish (Ref. 45335).

Miljö / Klimat / Range Ekologi

; marina revassocierade; djupintervall 0 - 55 m (Ref. 9311), usually 3 - 30 m (Ref. 9311).   Subtropical; 37°N - 22°N, 123°W - 106°W

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Monterey Bay in California, USA to Guadalupe Island (off northern central Baja California) and Gulf of California.

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 91.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 2850); publicerad maxvikt: 16.0 kg (Ref. 2850); rapporterad maxålder: 53 år (Ref. 56049)

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Prefer rocky bottom, particularly in kelp beds. Often feed on hard-shelled organisms such as sea urchins, mollusks, lobsters and crabs. Spawning occur during the summer and the eggs are pelagic (Ref. 9311). Live to more than 50 years of age. Each individual functions first as a female but changes to a male at a length of about 30 cm. Pelagic spawners (Ref. 56049). Flesh is white, of good quality and marketed fresh (Ref. 9311). The large teeth can cause serious bite wounds.

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

A diandric species (Ref. 55367). Transforms to a male at length of about 30.1 cm TL and 7.9 years of age (Ref. 55367). Forms leks during breeding (Ref. 55367). Pelagic spawner (Ref. 56049).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Westneat, Mark | Medarbetare

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)

CITES (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 13513)




Human uses

Fiskeri: kommersiell; sportfisk: ja; Akvarium: Kommersiell
FAO(fiskeri: produktion; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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