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Haemulon album Cuvier, 1830

White margate
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Image of Haemulon album (White margate)
Haemulon album
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Haemulidae (Grunts) > Haemulinae
Etymology: Haemulon: Greek, haimaleos = bloody (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina revassocierade; djupintervall 20 - 60 m (Ref. 5217).   Tropical; 33°N - 33°S, 99°W - 30°W

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Florida Keys (USA), Bermuda, and Bahamas to Brazil. Found throughout the West Indies; absent in Colombia (Ref. 3798).

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm 30.5, range 30 - ? cm
Max length : 79.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 40637); common length : 50.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 5217); publicerad maxvikt: 7.1 kg (Ref. 40637)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 12; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 15-17; Taggstrålar i analfenan 3; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 7 - 8. Scale rows immediately below lateral line oblique (Ref. 26938). Usual color phase dull silvery, the fins largely gray; no black pigment below upper margin of preopercle; the dorsal and caudal fins of subadults and the back above a line from dorsal base to lower margin of caudal fin are often blackish (Ref. 13442).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Inhabits seagrass beds, sand flats, coral reefs, and wrecks (Ref. 9710). Found in pairs or larger schools (Ref. 3798). Feeds on benthic invertebrates (Ref. 3798). Has been observed to nose into the sand to eat such subsurface invertebrates as peanut worms and heart urchins (Ref. 13442). Marketed fresh (Ref. 3798).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Cervigón, F., 1993. Los peces marinos de Venezuela. Volume 2. Fundación Científica Los Roques, Caracas,Venezuela. 497 p. (Ref. 9626)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Data deficient (DD) ; Date assessed: 10 October 2015

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30303)





Human uses

Fiskeri: kommersiell; sportfisk: ja; Akvarium: Offentliga akvarier
FAO(fiskeri: produktion; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ytterligare information

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 21.1 - 27.6, mean 25 (based on 110 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00792 - 0.01910), b=3.00 (2.87 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 69278):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (K=0.19-0.20; tm=3.5; Fec=800,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.