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Semicossyphus pulcher  (Ayres, 1854)

California sheephead
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Pictures | تصوير گوگل
Image of Semicossyphus pulcher (California sheephead)
Semicossyphus pulcher
Female picture by Gotshall, D.W.

رده بندی / Names اسامي عام | مترادف | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

ماهبان شعاع باله > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses)
Etymology: Semicossyphus: Greek, semi = half + Greek, kossyphos, -ou = a kind of fish (Ref. 45335).

محيط زيست / آب و هوا _ اقليم / Range بوم شناسي

; دريايي وابسته به آب سنگ; تغييرات عمق 0 - 55 m (Ref. 9311), usually 3 - 30 m (Ref. 9311).   Subtropical; 37°N - 22°N, 123°W - 106°W

پراكنش كشورها | مناطق سازمان خوار و بار جهاني (FAO) | Ecosystems | ظهور | Point map | معرفي | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Monterey Bay in California, USA to Guadalupe Island (off northern central Baja California) and Gulf of California.

Size / Weight / سن

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 91.0 cm TL جنس نر / بدون خواص جنسي; (Ref. 2850); بيشينه وزن گزارش شده: 16.0 kg (Ref. 2850); بيشينه سن گزارش شده: 53 سال ها (Ref. 56049)

زيست شناسي     واژه نامه (بعنوان مثال epibenthic)

Prefer rocky bottom, particularly in kelp beds. Often feed on hard-shelled organisms such as sea urchins, mollusks, lobsters and crabs. Spawning occur during the summer and the eggs are pelagic (Ref. 9311). Live to more than 50 years of age. Each individual functions first as a female but changes to a male at a length of about 30 cm. Pelagic spawners (Ref. 56049). Flesh is white, of good quality and marketed fresh (Ref. 9311). The large teeth can cause serious bite wounds.

Life cycle and mating behavior بلوغ | تولید مثل | تخم ریزی | تخم ها | Fecundity | توزاد ( لارو)

A diandric species (Ref. 55367). Transforms to a male at length of about 30.1 cm TL and 7.9 years of age (Ref. 55367). Forms leks during breeding (Ref. 55367). Pelagic spawner (Ref. 56049).

مآخذ اصلی Upload your references | مراجع | هماهنگ كننده : Westneat, Mark | همكاران

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

خطر برای انسان ها

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 13513)

استفاده انسانی

ماهي گيري – شيلات: تجاري; ماهي ها ي سرگرم كننده: بله; آكواريوم: تجاري
FAO(ماهي گيري – شيلات: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

اطلاعات بيشتر

اسامي عام
سوخت و ساز
سم شناسي بوم زيستي
تولید مثل
تخم ریزی
تخم ها
نمو تخم
آبزي پروري
نمايه آبزي پروري
تواتر آلل ها
بيماري ها
Mass conversion
عکس ها
Stamps, Coins Misc.
نوع شناگری
منطقه آبششي


گزارش های ويژه

بارگيری XML

منابع اينترنتي

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 16.6 - 22.9, mean 21.2 (based on 30 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.43 se; Based on food items.
جهندگی (Ref. 69278):  خیلی آهسته, كمينه زمان لازم براي دو برابر شدن جمعيت بيش از 14 سال (tmax=53; tm=5; Fec=300,000).
Prior r = 0.29, 2 SD range = 0.11 - 0.79, log(r) = -1.24, SD log(r) = 0.5, Based on: 2 tgen, 1 tmax, 1 Fec records
آسيب پذيری (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (55 of 100) .
طبقه قيمت (Ref. 80766):   Very high.