Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 0 - 50 m. Subtropical; 5°S - 55°S, 81°W - 70°W
Southeast Pacific: Peru to Chile. Also reported in Nicaragua (Ref. 13613).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 17 - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. ); max. published weight: 183.00 g (Ref. 53696)
Over rocky and sandy bottoms. Maximum size assumed to be the same as for the family. Feeds on small crustaceans such as isopods and amphipods but also on polychaetes and algae.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Chirichigno, N.F., 1974. Clave para identificar los peces marinos del Peru. Inf. Inst. Mar Perú (44):1-387. (Ref. 5530)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 11.3 - 27.7, mean 20.5 (based on 12 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00710 - 0.02337), b=2.99 (2.84 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.39 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=2-3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .