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Hydrolagus macrophthalmus  de Buen, 1959

Big eye chimaera
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Hydrolagus macrophthalmus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Holocephali (chimaeras) > Chimaeriformes (Chimaeras) > Chimaeridae (Shortnose chimaeras or ratfishes)
Etymology: Hydrolagus: Greek, hydr = water + Greek, lagos = hare (Ref. 45335).   More on author: de Buen.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 590 - 1160 m (Ref. 97389).   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: from the central coast of Mexico, Costa Rica, Peru and Chile.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 63.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 97389); 58.1 cm TL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: slender body; short and bluntly rounded snout; relatively short head (HDL 24.2-24.5% BDL); relatively large eyes (EYL 30.9-34.2% HDL); oral and preopercular lateral line canals sharing a short common branch from the infraorbital canal; relatively large pectoral fins (P1A 36.5-40.8% BDL), extending posterior to the insertion of pelvic fins; trunk's lateral line canal without sinusoidal undulations; the anterior and posterior regions of second dorsal fin considerably taller than middle region; no anal fin; tail region elongate and slender (PCA 58.3-59.9% BDL); caudal-fin axis horizontal with the fin nearly symmetrical, epaxial and hypaxial lobes equal sized; coloration uniform brown across entire body, no white markings and bluish fins (Ref. 97389).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Oviparous (Ref. 205). Eggs are encased in horny shells (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Angulo, A., M.I. López, W.A. Bussing and A. Murase, 2014. Records of chimaeroid fishes (Holocephali: Chimaeriformes) from the Pacific coast of Costa Rica, with the description of a new species of Chimera (Chimaeridae) from the eastern Pacific Ocean. Zootaxa 3861(6):554-574. (Ref. 97389)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
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Ecology
Diet
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Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
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References
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Aquaculture profile
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Stamps, Coins Misc.
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Ciguatera
Speed
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Gill area
Otoliths
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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00309 (0.00126 - 0.00759), b=3.10 (2.89 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming Fec <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100) .